When the wilderness beckons, it’s best to come prepared
An understanding of the basic concepts of how to survive in the wilderness is important if you ever find yourself in an emergency situation in the wild.
4 most common and simplest skills to survive in the wilderness
Build a shelter: protect yourself by finding or building effective shelter. Find a downed tree resting at an angle, or set a large branch securely against a standing tree, and stack smaller branches close together on one side. Layer debris, like leaves and moss, across the angled wall and finally, insulate yourself from the cold ground by layering four to six inches of debris to lie on.
Knots: with this tool, you can build almost anything. There are many types of knots, but the Square Knot or the “first aid knot” is probably the best known and most widely used knot. It serves to join the ends of two ropes, and has the advantages of strength as well as ease of tying and untying. It slips or jams only if pulled around a corner. Use square knots to tie packages and to fasten towing lines. Another useful knot is the Two Half Hitches, used to fasten a rope temporarily to a post, hook, or ring. Use it to tie your tent down, or to tie a clothes line to hang wet clothes and towels. Finally, the Taut-line Hitch that is a remarkably useful knot; it’s adjustable and trustworthy. It is the best way to adjust your lines to the tent-poles.
Finding water: Finding water is a top priority in the wild. Start looking for water before you run out. In many parts of the country you can find water by following the sound of a flowing river, but that’s not always the case. So pay attention to grazing animals. They usually head to water near dawn and dusk. Following them can often lead you a water source. Also, dew that hangs on grass of a field is an excellent source of water. You can collect it by running an extra piece of cloth through the grass as you walk. And, if you are in the desert, you can often find water if you dig up a dry creek bed. Once found, if possible, boil it, as it is the most certain way of killing all microorganisms.
Start a fire: fire gives you heat, cooking, water purification, light, and protection. Hand-drill method is the simplest to starting a fire without matches or a lighter. Grab a sturdy piece of hardwood as a fireboard. Make a notch on this with a knife or pointed rock. You need a two-foot-long stick to fit into the notch. Rolling the stick or spindle, between your palms should turn it in the notch, generating heat through friction. Eventually, it’ll get hot enough to start smoking and then form tiny embers. As you catch the embers in the tinder, blow on them to encourage the fire. Introduce bits of kindling. Build unto it further by adding increasingly larger pieces of firewood.
Pro tip: We highly recommend in first aid and/or wilderness survival course, where you’ll learn and practice these skills and more.
The key to surviving in the wilderness is preparation…
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